Moon Marine Nakaochi Scrape Frozen Raw Yellowfin Tuna Recall

Date: April 13, 2012
Updated: May 17, 2012
What: Moon Marine USA Nakaochi Scrape frozen raw yellowfin tuna
Why: Associated with Salmonella bareilly and Salmonella nchanga infections
Scope: At least 27 states maybe more

Update – May 17, 2012 – According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) the latest tally associated with contaminated Moon Marine USA Nakaochi Scrape frozen raw yellowfin tuna has a total of 316 individuals from 26 states and the District of Columbia infected with the outbreak strains of Salmonella bareilly or Salmonella nchanga, 37 of which have been hospitalized.

Illnesses that occurred after April 17, 2012, might not be reported yet due to the time it takes between when a person becomes ill and when the illness is reported.

Totals by state as follows: Alabama (3), Arkansas (1), California(4), Colorado(1), Connecticut (9), District of Columbia (2), Florida (1), Georgia (15), Illinois (27), Indiana(1), Louisiana (4), Maryland (27), Massachusetts (33), Mississippi (2), Missouri (4), Nebraska(1), New Jersey (28), New York (54), North Carolina (10), Pennsylvania (25), Rhode Island (6), South Carolina (3), Tennessee(4), Texas (7), Virginia (23), Vermont (1), and Wisconsin (20).

Illness onset dates range from January 28 to May 3, 2012. Ill persons range in age from less than 1 to 86 years, with a median age of 30. Fifty-nine percent of patients are female.

The investigation is ongoing by CDC and state and local public health authorities.


Update – May 2, 2012 – According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) the latest tally associated with contaminated Moon Marine USA Nakaochi Scrape frozen raw yellowfin tuna has a total of 258 individuals from 24 states and the District of Columbia infected with the outbreak strains of Salmonella bareilly or Salmonella nchanga, 32 of which have been hospitalized.

Illnesses that occurred after April 4, 2012, might not be reported yet due to the time it takes between when a person becomes ill and when the illness is reported.

Totals by state as follows: Alabama (2), Arkansas (1), California(2), Connecticut (9), District of Columbia (2), Florida (1), Georgia (12), Illinois (23), Louisiana (3), Maryland (24), Massachusetts (27), Mississippi (2), Missouri (4), Nebraska(1), New Jersey (27), New York (44), North Carolina (4), Pennsylvania (20), Rhode Island (6), South Carolina (3), Tennessee(2), Texas (4), Virginia (17), Vermont (1), and Wisconsin (17).

Illness onset dates range from January 28 to April 20, 2012. Ill persons range in age from 4 to 86 years, with a median age of 30. Fifty-seven percent of patients are female.

The investigation is ongoing by CDC and state and local public health authorities.


Update – April 26, 2012 – The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has been investigating ongoing multistate outbreaks of two different strains of Salmonella related to consumption of the recalled Moon Marine USA Nakaochi Scrape AA or AAA frozen raw yellowfin tuna. Based on an epidemiological link and results of laboratory testing, CDC has combined the investigations of Salmonella bareilly and Salmonella nchanga infections.

A total of 200 persons infected have been reported from 21 states and the District of Columbia, 28 of which have been hospitalized, as follows: Alabama (2), Arkansas (1), Connecticut (8), District of Columbia (2), Florida (1), Georgia (11), Illinois (15), Louisiana (3), Maryland (20), Massachusetts (24), Mississippi (2), Missouri (4), New Jersey (19), New York (38), North Carolina (3), Pennsylvania (7), Rhode Island (6), South Carolina (3), Texas (4), Virginia (10), Vermont (1), and Wisconsin (16).

The tuna was imported from India.


Moon Marine USA Corporation (also known as MMI) of Cupertino, California is recalling 58,828 lb. of a frozen raw yellowfin tuna product, labeled as Nakaochi Scrape AA or AAA. Nakaochi Scrape is tuna backmeat, which is specifically scraped off from the bones, and looks like a ground product. The Nakaochi Scrape is associated with an outbreak of 116 cases of Salmonella bareilly in 20 states and the District of Columbia: Alabama (2), Arkansas (1), Connecticut (5), District of Columbia (2), Florida (1), Georgia (5), Illinois (10), Louisiana (2), Maryland (11), Massachusetts (8), Mississippi (1), Missouri (2), New Jersey (7), New York (24), North Carolina (2), Pennsylvania (5), Rhode Island (5), South Carolina (3), Texas (3), Virginia (5), and Wisconsin (12). Of the reported illnesses, there have been 12 hospitalizations.

The Nakaochi Scrape AA and AAA from MMI was sold through distributors to restaurants and grocery stores that make sushi, sashimi, ceviche and similar dishes. The raw yellowfin tuna product may have passed through several distributors before reaching the restaurant and grocery market; the boxes may have been broken into smaller lots for further sale not marked with lot information. Therefore, the tuna may not be readily identifiable as being from the implicated lots. Distributors, foodservice operators and consumers should consult their suppliers to determine the origin of any Nakaochi Scrape AA or AAA in their possession.

Most persons infected with Salmonella develop diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps 12 to 72 hours after infection. The illness usually lasts four to seven days, and most persons recover without treatment. However, in certain cases, the diarrhea may be so severe that the patient needs to be hospitalized. In these patients, the Salmonella infection may spread from the intestines to the blood stream, and then to other body sites and can cause death unless these patients are treated promptly with antibiotics. Infants, older adults, pregnant women, and persons with impaired immune systems are more likely than others to develop severe illness and should not eat raw or partially cooked fish or shellfish. If you are unsure of your risk, ask your health care provider.

Because raw seafood is not fully cooked to assure that pathogens are destroyed, it is not considered as "safe" as cooked seafood. The handling of raw seafood can also affect the safety of the product. Since the tuna may have been broken into unmarked sublots and may not be readily identifiable, consumers should take precautions in choosing to eat raw Nakaochi Scrape and be sure that it is not from the implicated lots. If you purchase "spicy tuna" or other sushi, sashimi, ceviche, or similar dishes that might contain Nakaochi Scrape from a restaurant or grocery store, check with the establishment to make sure that it does not contain raw recalled product from Moon Marine USA Corporation, also known as MMI. When in doubt, don’t eat it.

Consumers who think they might have become ill from eating possibly contaminated raw Nakaochi Scrape should consult their health care providers. Many of the people who became ill reported eating raw tuna in sushi as "spicy tuna." To report problems, including adverse reactions, related to any food except meat and poultry, contact the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) district office consumer complaint coordinator for your geographic area.

Product sellers, including distributors and restaurants, should consult their suppliers to determine whether the Nakaochi Scrape AA or AAA in their possession originated from Moon Marine USA Corporation (also known as MMI). The frozen raw yellowfin tuna product was originally packaged in white boxes with black writing naming the importer as Moon Marine USA Corporation and identifying the contents as either Nakaochi Scrape AA or AAA. The boxes contain several vacuum-wrapped packages with no further labeling. However, the boxes may have been broken into smaller lots for further sale not marked with lot information; the product may not be accompanied by lot numbers or labeling information.

The FDA is working closely with MMI to identify the implicated product and assist with its removal from the market.

Consumers with questions about food safety can Ask Heidi, a certified food safety professional.

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